Shema

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The Commentary on the Gospel

  

Flavius Josephus



According to William Whiston the English theologian, historian, and mathematician, and who translated “The Complete Works of The Learned and Authentic Jewish Historian Flavius Josephus,” he stated that Josephus appears to have been, in his heart and conscience, no other than a Nazarene or Ebonite and by consequence, WITH THEM REJECTED ALL OUR GREEK GOSPELS AND GREEK BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, and RECEIVED ONLY THE HEBREW GOSPEL OF THE NAZARENES OR EBIONITES, styled by them, “THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS;” or “ACCORDING TO THE TWELVE APOSTLES,” or even “ACCORDING TO MATTHEW,” we ought always to have that NAZARENE OR EBIONITE FRAGMENTS, IN VIEW, WHEN WE CONSIDER ANY PASSAGES OF JOSEPHUS RELATING TO HAMASHIACH OR TO CHRISTIANITY.” 


Note: click here to find out if the Nazarenes considered themselves Christians...



According to Whiston he is stating that Josephus appeared to have been in his heart a Nazarene or Ebionite and WITH THEM REJECTED ALL OUR GREEK GOSPELS AND GREEK BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT and RECEIVED ONLY THE HEBREW GOSPEL OF THE NAZARENES OR EBIONITES.This is great to know because, now we know that not only did Josephus REJECT ALL GREEK GOSPELS AND GREEK BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT, the Nazarenes and Ebionites did as well. So, that leaves us to know they all had nothing to do with the GREEK GOSPELS and GREEK BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT which is, the same New Testament that we read today, because the New Testament that we read today was translated from the GREEK BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT. However, if you kept reading then you found out the GOSPEL they all dealt with, which was ONLY, THE HEBREW GOSPEL OF THE NAZARENES OR EBIONITES, called by them “THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS;” or “ACCORDING TO THE TWELVE APOSTLES,” or even “ACCORDING TO MATTHEW.” Therefore, to sum all of this up, they REJECTED THE GREEK BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT AND ONLY DEALT WITH THE HEBREW GOSPEL OF THE NAZARENES, which had three different names:



THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS”

THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE TWELVE APOSTLES

THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW"


You might be saying to yourself, “I don’t know about this,” or you could have said to yourself, “WOW!” Whichever one it was, trust me I was conflicted at first, as well. If you are questioning the accuracy of this gospel, there are more witnesses that attest to the gospel that the Nazarenes used. These witnesses are the church fathers of Christianity. What is imperative for us to understand is, the religion Christianity was being established between the 3rd and 4th centuries, however, the church fathers would seek out the different sects that were in the promise land at that time, and wrote about their beliefs. The Nazarenes were one of the many sects of Jews they had documented, and, in these writings, they would mention “The Gospel of the Nazarenes/Hebrews or The Gospel According to the Nazarenes.” 

  


At the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established. Deut. 19:15





Origen


“If anyone will receive “THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS,” in which our Saviour says, “Even now my mother the Holy Spirit took me and carried me up unto the great mountain Thabor’.” Commentary on The Gospel of John (Book 2), Origen, 1896 



It is written in a CERTAIN GOSPEL, which is entitled “ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS,” (if anyone be pleased to receive it, not as of authority, but only for illustration of the present question,) ‘A certain rich man said to HaMashiach, “What good thing shall I do that I may inherit life?” He said to him, “O man, keep the law and the prophets;” he answered him, “That I have done.” He said to him, “Go sell all things that thou hast, and distribute among the poor, and come and follow me.” The rich man hereupon began to scratch his head and was displeased. And the Lord said unto him, “How can you say that you have kept the law and the prophets, seeing it is written in the law, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself; but behold, many of thy brethren, children of Abraham, are clothed with nastiness, and ready to perish for hunger, while thy home abounds with all sorts of delicacies, and nothing is sent out of it to them.” And turning about, he said to his disciple Simon, who sat by him, Simon, son of Joanna, “It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of heaven.” Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew (Book XII) Origen




The church has four Gospels. Heretics have very many. One of them is entitled According to the Egyptians, another ACCORDING TO THE TWELVE APOSTLES.” - Homilies on the Gospel of Luke page 5-6, Origen 





Eusebius of Caesarea 


Eusebius mentions that he has related the story of a woman who was accused of many sins before HaMashiach, which is contained in the "GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS."



“But concerning Matthew he writes as follows: “So then Matthew wrote the oracles in the Hebrew language, and everyone interpreted them as he was able.” And the same writer uses testimonies from the first Epistle of John and from that of Peter likewise. And he relates another story of a woman, who was accused of many sins before the Lord, which is contained in the “GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS”. These things we have thought it necessary to observe in addition to what has been already stated.” Euseb., HE, III, xxxix, 16


The first early Christian writer who is mentioned as having actually used the "Gospel according to the Hebrews" is Hegesippus, who flourished in the second half of the 2nd century. Eusebius, to whom we owe the reference, tells us that Hegesippus in his Memoirs quotes passages from "THE SYRIAC GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS" (Historia Ecclesiastica, IV, xxii, 7).


“Among the rejected disputed writings, which are nevertheless recognized by many, are extant the so-called epistle of James and that of Jude, also the second epistle of Peter, and those that are called the second and third of John, whether they belong to the evangelist or to another person of the same name. Among the rejected writings must be reckoned also the Acts of Paul, and the so-called Shepherd, and the Apocalypse of Peter, and in addition to there the extant epistle of Barnabas, and the so-called Teachings of the Apostles; and besides as I said, the Apocalypse of John, if it seem proper, which some, as I said, reject, but which others class with the accepted books, And among these some have placed also “THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS,” with which those of the Hebrews that have accepted Christ are especially delighted. And all these may be reckoned among the disputed books. But we have nevertheless felt compelled to give a catalog of these also, distinguishing those works which according to ecclesiastical tradition are true and genuine and commonly accepted, from those others which, although not canonical but disputed, are yet the same time known to most ecclesiastical writers, we have felt compelled to give this catalog in order that we might be able to know both these works and those that are cited by the HERETICS UNDER THE NAME OF THE APOSTLES, including, for instance, such books as the Gospel of Peter, of Thomas, of Matthias, or of any others besides them, and the Acts of Andrew and John and the other apostles, which no one belonging to the succession of ecclesiastical writers has deemed worthy of mention in his writings. And further, the character of the style is at variance with apostolic usage, and both the thoughts and purpose of the things that are related in them are so completely out of accord with true orthodoxy that they clearly show themselves to be the fictions of HERETICS. Wherefore they are not to be placed even among the rejected writings but are all of them to be cast aside as absurd and impious. Let us now proceed with our history.” Eusebius of Caesarea 340 AD Church History, Book III Chapter 25, pg. 146



Origen stated the HERETICS have very many gospels and he named two, and one of them is entitled “ACCORDING TO THE TWELVE APOSTLES.” Let me clear one thing up before we move forward, there were many sects back then that had gospels of their own “According to the Egyptians” existed in Egypt during the second century and may have had Gnostic traits (see W. Schneemelcher, “The Gospel of the Egyptians.” However, we are only talking about “According to the Twelve Apostles,” which is a Nazarene Gospel (According to the Egyptians is not a Nazarene gospel). Eusebius called this rejected gospel “fictions of HERETICS,” by saying: 


The character of the style is at variance with apostolic usage, and both the thoughts and purpose of the things that are related in them are so completely out of accord with true orthodoxy that they clearly show themselves to be the fictions of HERETICS.



Eusebius and Origen are making it very clear that they felt, the Nazarene Gospel, “According to the Twelve Apostles,” is a rejected gospel of Heretics. Eusebius said it was OUT OF ACCORD WITH ORTHODOXY. 



Out of accord with ORTHODOXY…hmmm???



In “Introduction to the Textual Criticism of the Greek Testament,” by Professor Nestle, he tells us that a certain scholar, called “correctors,” were appointed by the ecclesiastical authorities, and actually commissioned to correct the text of the Scripture in the interest of what was considered ORTHODOXY



451 The Council of Chalcedon proclaims the two natures of Christ. After this, the church looks to the Council of Nicaea as the beginning point for establishing ORTHODOXY.

There goes that word ORTHODOXY again…hmmm…



Orthodoxy – AUTHORIZED or generally accepted theory, doctrine, or practice.



The Orthodox Faith is the Oldest Christian Denomination. Eastern Orthodoxy is the large body of Christians who follow the faith and practices that were defined by the first seven ecumenical councils. The Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church accept all seven of these councils as legitimate ecumenical councils



In the history of Christianity, the first seven ecumenical councils include the following: 

· The First Council of Nicaea in 325, 

· The First Council of Constantinople in 381, 

· The Council of Ephesus in 431

· The Council of Chalcedon in 451, 

· The Second Council of Constantinople in 553,

· The Third Council of Constantinople from 680–681 

· The Second Council of Nicaea in 787.



So, let’s sum this all up. Whiston said, Josephus, Nazarenes, and Ebonite’s disregarded the GREEK NEW TESTAMENT and ONLY dealt with, THE HEBREW GOSPEL OF THE NAZARENES OR EBIONITES, called by them “THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS;” or “ACCORDING TO THE TWELVE APOSTLES,” or even “ACCORDING TO MATTHEW.”  



Then Origen and Eusebius said, the gospel that the Nazarenes followed it went against the first seven ecumenical councils and that the gospel is considered the gospel of the HERETICS and that this gospel was OUT OF ACCORD WITH ORTHODOXY.



Therefore, we should be able to see why during Paul’s trial before Felix, he said “But I confess unto thee, that after 'THE WAY,' which they call “HERESY,” so worship I the POWER of our fathers, BELIEVING ALL THINGS WHICH ARE WRITTEN IN THE LAW AND IN THE PROPHETS” Acts 24:14. By Origen stating Heretics have many gospels and then named one of them to be “ACCORDING TO THE TWELVE APOSTELS,” and by Eusebius saying that this very same gospel shows itself to be the FICTIONS OF HERETICS. This is confirmation to what Paul stated that:

                                      


 “THE WAY, which they call “HERESY.

The Way

 During Paul's trial before Felix, Paul said: 
But I confess unto thee, that after 'THE WAY,' which they call heresy, so worship I the POWER of our fathers, BELIEVING ALL THINGS WHICH ARE WRITTEN IN THE LAW AND IN THE PROPHETS.” (Acts 24:14). 

After Babylonian captivity

What Happen After Babylonian Captivity?

How long was the Babylonian Captivity? 


Answer 1: 70 years


 “For thus saith Yahuah, That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon I will visit you, and perform my good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place.Jeremiah. 29:10


Answer 2: 7 generations


"So, when ye become unto Babylon, ye shall remain there many years, and for a long season, namely seven generations: and after that I will bring you away peaceably from thence." Baruch 6:2


WHAT HAPPEN AFTER BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY?


Generations later the Judeans ended up going under Greek rule. While under Greek rule, according to the book of Josephus, it states that, Ptolemy had a library keeper whose name was Demetrius Phalerius. Demetrius gathered thousands of books from all over the world,and he wrote a letter to the Greek King and he said:


He had been informed that there were MANY BOOKS OF THE LAWS among the Judeans worthy of inquiring after, and worthy of the king’s library, but which, being written in characters and in a DIALECT of their own, will cause no small pains in getting them translated into the GREEK TONGUE; that the character in which they are WRITTEN, SEEMS TO BE LIKE, to that which is THE PROPER CHARACTER OF THE SYRIANS, and THAT ITS SOUND, when pronounced, IS LIKE THEIRS ALSO; and that THE SOUND APPEARS TO BE PECULIAR TO THEMSELVES.” Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, Book 12 Chapter 2 pg. 388


The King then commanded that an letter should be sent to the high priest, Eleazar. Explaining, that he wanted to obtain an interpretation of the Law, and to have it translated out of Hebrew to Greek, and for it to be placed in his library. Eleazar responded with great joy by assigning 72 elders, 6 from each tribe, to translate the scriptures to Greek. Notice that Demetrius said the many books of the laws were written in characters and in a DIALECT of their own,  and that the character in which they are WRITTEN, SEEMS TO BE LIKE, to that which is THE PROPER CHARACTER OF THE SYRIANS.  This is important, because there is a book that was  written in 1851 called "A Treatise on Physical Geography Comprising Hydrology Geognosy Geology" pg. 318. Below is the excerpt from the book , for you to read for yourself. It mentions: 



"When the Jews returned from captivity, they spoke "SYRO-CHALDAIC," although, after the time of Alexander, Greek became common. The learned among the Jews continued to write and speak Hebrew almost to the present day. It is an impure dialect, termed Rabbinic. The SYRO-CHALDAIC was nothing but Chaldee, intermixed with some Hebrew peculiarties; and indeed it differed so little from Hebrew that it might almost be called a dialect of the same language.  It is this SYRO-CHALDAIC that is called Hebrew in the New Testament." 

 

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 The church father, Jerome admitted also, that the Nazarene Gospel was written in THE CHALDEE AND SYRIAN LANGUAGE, BUT IN HEBREW CHARACTERS  and Eusebius told us that Hegesippus, in his Memoirs, quotes passages from "THE SYRIAC GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREW." 


 Jerome:


In THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS, which is WRITTEN IN THE CHALDEE AND SYRIAN LANGUAGE, BUT IN HEBREW CHARACTERS, and IS USED BY THE NAZARENES to this day (I mean THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE APOSTELS or, as is generally maintained, THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW, a copy which is in the library at Caesarea)." Commentary on Matthew (The Fathers of the Church) pg. 52 


 In the Gospel which the Nazarenes and the Ebionites use, which we have recently translated out of Hebrew into Greek, and which is called by most people the authentic (Gospel) of Matthew, the man who had the withered hand is described as a mason who pleaded for help in the following words: “I was a mason and earned (my) livelihood with (my) hands; I beseech thee, HaMashiach, to restore me to my health that I may not with ignominy have to beg for my bread.” Commentary on Matthew (The Fathers of the Church, Volume 117), CUA Press 2008 


Eusebius:


 "The first early Christian writer who is mentioned as having actually used the "Gospel according to the Hebrews" is Hegesippus, who flourished in the second half of the 2nd century. Eusebius, to whom we owe the reference, tells us that Hegesippus in his Memoirs quotes passages from "THE SYRIAC GOSPEL ACCORDING TO THE HEBREWS" (Historia Ecclesiastica, IV, xxii, 7)


  

According to another book, below is the excerpt from the book , it mentions:  


“For when Christ lived with his Apostles, ALL THE JEWS SPOKE SYRIAC, THAT IS, A LANUAGE MIXED OF HEBREW AND CHALDAIC: Therefore, if Matthew has purposed to write in any other language but the Greek, HE WOULD NO DOUBT HAVE WRITTEN SPECIALLY IN SYRIAC TONGUE, and some Papists of this age are of the very same judgment.” A Treatise of Gods Effectual Calling, by Henry Holland pg. 98, 1603




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 This is all informative. We have now become aware, that even in the book of Josephus, he speaks about, during the ancient Hellenistic age, how before the many books of the law were translated, they were written in characters and in a DIALECT of their own, that the character in which they are WRITTEN, SEEMS TO BE LIKE, to that which is THE PROPER CHARACTER OF THE SYRIANS, just like the original gospel that the Nazarenes used was written in the Chaldee and Syrian language, but in Hebrew characters.  Its no wonder they RECEIVED ONLY THE HEBREW GOSPEL OF THE NAZARENES, which was written in the Chaldee and Syrian language, but in Hebrew characters, and REJECTED ALL GREEK GOSPELS AND GREEK BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.


Therefore, let's not forget the church fathers, Eusebius and Origen, who made it very clear that they felt, the Nazarene Gospel, is a rejected gospel of Heretics. Eusebius said, it was OUT OF ACCORD WITH ORTHODOXY. We should be able to see, the book that the Nazarenes used, was a despised book, because the gospel within the book was OUT OF ACCORD WITH ORTHODOXY.   Why did the church fathers feel that they had the right to make such a decision? This was not a divine calling from The Highest for them to make such a decision. Which means for two thousand years, we have been led to believe that the Nazarenes followed the Greek Gospels and the Greek books of the New Testament, while so far as we can see, this is not the truth. They actually had their own original book that was not in accordance with the teachings of Orthodoxy Christianity. In Pauls letter, Colossians 2:8 he says:


"BEWARE lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, AFTER THE TRADITION OF MEN, AFTER THE RUDIMENTS OF THE WORLD, and NOT AFTER HAMASHIACH." 


Could this be why Paul was called, the RINGLEADER OF THE NAZARENES?  Also, could this be why he warned the people of that time and the future generations, that THE WAY IS CALLED HERESEY?